Foot arches are perhaps the most primary structures of the body which absorb & return force to and from the body to the outside world when we are on our feet. When something happens to these structures, it will result in severe pain inflammation and all.
Injury to the tissue plantar fascia is one of the common causes of arch pain. Plantar Fascia are bands of fibrous connective tissue radiating toward the bases of the toes from the medial process of the tuber calcanei; also called the plantar fascia. They are made up of predominantly longitudinally oriented collagen fibers. When this tissue is damaged, the resulting inflammatory response may become a source of arch pain.
Sprains, strains, bruises, and fractures may be the result of a single stress or a combination of stresses to the foot. Many of the muscles of the lower leg and foot attach on or near this arch. If these muscles are either injured or if they have become tight, it may lead to incorrect biomechanics and in turn give rise to arch pain.
A sprain of the arch occurs when the ligaments which hold the bones together are overstretched and the fibers tear. The muscles of the foot may be strained by many reasons like overstretching, overuse, overloading, bruising, or being cut by stepping on a sharp object. In older person Arthritis of the arch joints may also occur if the foot is subjected to repetitive movements that stress the arch.
Another cause which we can point out is micro-trauma injuries which are caused when the structures of the body are stressed and re-stressed to the point that the tissues get damaged. The factors that commonly contribute to this injury can be running on uneven surfaces or surfaces that are too hard or too soft, usage of shoes that have poor force-absorption qualities, or going too hard or too long during repeated exercise bouts.
Summarizing, we can say that Arch pain can have so many causes. Direct force trauma, sprain in ligaments, muscle strains, poor biomechanical alignment, stress fractures, overuse, or the tightness or lack of tightness of the joints in the foot. Proper care must be given to identify each cause and do treatments accordingly.