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Fungal Nail Infection Causes and Treatments for Fungal Nail Infection What is Fungal Nail Infection? Fungal nail infection occurs when tiny fungi grow on the skin around and under the nail. It causes the nail to become thicker and more likely to break. Fungal nail infection can occur on the finger but it is more likely to be contracted on the toe nails. What are the Symptoms of Fungal Nail Infection? There are a number of symptoms that will show if you...
Ingrown Toenail Combat Ingrown Toenails   What is an Ingrown Toenail? An ingrown nail occurs when the toenail pierces the skin of the toe; the nail then continues to grow into the skin, causing the toe to become swollen and red. There is also often a build up of fluid in the toe which can come out as pus. Usually an ingrown toenail will just be tender and a little irritating, but if left to develop it can become very painful...
Top of Foot Pain Why Does the Top of My Foot Hurt? Pain can arise anywhere in the foot, but a lot of people report that they feel pain in the top area. This can be due to an injury, disease or a number of other reasons which we have outlined below.   Metatarsal Stress Fracture What Is it? A stress fracture is caused by overuse of the area and results in a small crack in the bone. Athletes and dancers often suffer...
Foot Pain Common Causes of Foot Pain Pain in the feet can arise for a number of reasons; most ailments can be easily treated but some are more serious. Below is a list of common foot complaints with details on the symptoms and treatments. Injuries It’s a rather obvious fact but foot pain often arises from an injury. The most common injuries are sprains and breaks. A sprain is not as serious as a fracture or broken bone, but it can...
Morton’s Neuroma All the information you need on Morton’s Neuroma What is Morton’s Neuroma? The name Morton’s neuroma is a little misleading as a neuroma is a benign tumour that grows on nerve cells. A Morton’s neuroma is not a growth but is does effect the nerves. It occurs when a nerve between two of the toes becomes compressed, causing it to become painful and inflamed. It can happen to a nerve between any toes but it most often affects the...
Bunions Discover the Cause of Bunions and How to Treat Them What are Bunions? A bunion is a deformity of the bone which occurs on the joint of the big toe. It protrudes from the side of the foot and causes the big toe to point at an angle towards the second toe instead of straight up. Tailor’s Bunion or Bunionette Also known as a bunionette, a tailor’s bunion is the same as a normal bunion except that it forms...

Bunion Treatments

Combat Bunion Pain and Discomfort Bunions are a deformity of the bone that occur at the joint of the big toe, causing it to point at an angle. Bunionettes or tailor’s bunions form on the other side of the foot on the little toe bone. They are smaller than normal bunions but still provide the same problem. Though not always painful, bunions can be uncomfortable and a hindrance, especially if they grow large enough to stop you from fitting into your shoes. If you have a bunion then you should visit your doctor or a podiatrist as they can advise on the best course of action. Most treatments do not get rid of the bunion; instead they ease pain and help reduce the pressure on the area. However, if the bunion grows, becomes painful or becomes debilitating then your doctor may suggest bunion surgery to have it removed. We’ve detailed the different bunion treatments below, split into non-surgical and surgical sections to give you an idea of the types of treatment you can receive and how effective they are. Non-Surgical Bunion Treatments Bunion Pads Bunion pads are available from most pharmacies. They consist of a cushioned gel or fleece pad which sits over the bunion, protecting it from harm. This helps prevent the bunion from rubbing on the inside of shoes, becoming painful and aggravating the condition. It makes the whole experience of walking much more comfortable. Most bunion pads stick to the bunion with an adhesive but some come with a loop which fits over the big toe, allowing the pad to fit in position on the bunion. Choosing which type is a matter of personal preference Orthotics A podiatrist will suggest orthotics for a number of foot ailments, including bunions. An orthotic is a cushioning device which is placed in the shoe to help alleviate pressure on certain parts of the foot and to realign the bones. They are not specifically made for bunions but they can help take pressure off the bunion and therefore relieve pain and discomfort. Orthotics are available from most pharmacies, however, depending on the severity of the bunion, it is best to visit a podiatrist and get one made especially for you. Medicine If your bunion is painful then some over-the-counter medications can help ease it. Paracetamol and Ibuprofen are recommended as they should tackle the pain, just ensure that you read the leaflet and take the pills as the pack describes. Footwear One of the most important factors in tackling bunions and one of the most effective is to ensure that...

Bunions

Discover the Cause of Bunions and How to Treat Them What are Bunions? A bunion is a deformity of the bone which occurs on the joint of the big toe. It protrudes from the side of the foot and causes the big toe to point at an angle towards the second toe instead of straight up. Tailor’s Bunion or Bunionette Also known as a bunionette, a tailor’s bunion is the same as a normal bunion except that it forms on the joint of the little toe instead of the big one. It also protrudes from the foot and causes the pinky toe to point at an angle. It is called a tailor’s bunion as in the past tailors would sit cross-legged with the pinky side of the foot rubbing on the ground. They would sit like that for long periods of time, causing the bunionette to form. What Causes Bunions? Ill-fitting Shoes Badly fitting shoes can contribute to the growth of bunions, especially tight shoes as they rub against the foot, irritating the joint. Ill-fitting shoes can also squeeze the toes, causing the big toe to bend towards the others. This can be especially bad with pointed and high heeled shoes as they put a lot of pressure on the toes. Genetics Bunions often run in families, so if your family members have bunions then there is a higher risk of you developing them. This is due to the way the bones in your feet grow and develop, if your parents have feet that are prone to bunions then chances are that you will inherit the same foot shape and be likely to suffer from bunions too. Arthritis Some types of arthritis, including gout and rheumatoid arthritis, can cause bunions. One of the symptoms of arthritis is a swelling in the joints effected, if this is on the toe joint then it will protrude, helping a bunion to form. The swelling can also cause the joint to rub on the side of the shoe, which can lead to a bunion developing. Bunion Treatments To permanently remove bunions, surgery is required. However, doctors and podiatrists will first suggest non-surgical treatments to help take pressure off the area. These treatments don’t reduce the bunion or prevent it from getting worse but they can relieve pain and make bearing with a bunion easier. Non-surgical treatments include using bunion pads to help with the pain of bunions. These are gel or fleece pads that can be placed over the bunion to protect it from rubbing against shoes. Orthotics are another form of non-surgical...

Multivitamins for Feet

Can Multivitamins be Beneficial in the Treatment of Foot Ailments? What are Multivitamins? Multivitamins are a dietary supplement, most often in tablet form, that provide the recommended daily allowance of a number of vitamins. They can be bought from most pharmacies and are designed to provide you with the vitamins your body needs. Be aware that they should not replace foods, they are intended as a supplement to your regular diet. Why take Multivitamins for Foot Problems? You can buy multivitamins for a number of reasons, pregnancy, illness and general health, but people rarely think to take vitamins and supplements for their feet. However, the bones, skin and tissue in the feet need care just as much as the rest of our body, if not more as they take our weight every day. You can take single vitamin tablets but, though they are beneficial, a multivitamin will provide you with the recommended daily allowance of a number of different vitamins and minerals instead of just one. This is very helpful as most foot ailments are caused by a lack of more than one vitamin. A deficiency in one or more of these vitamins can cause or aggravate certain foot ailments. They can also weaken bones and tissue. Ingesting these vitamins in a tablet ensures you get the right amount for your age and gender and can help ease ailments as well as aches and pains. We’ve compiled a list below of vitamins that are incredibly helpful to the feet with details of what a deficiency in them can lead to. We thought hard about recommending a brand and after lot of research we believe this is one of the best multivitamin in UK www.healthbeacon.co.uk/health-shop/multivitamins/optimum-nutrition-complex_3.aspx Vitamin Deficiencies That Lead to Foot Ailments  Vitamin D A deficiency in vitamin D can have negative effects on the whole body, but especially the feet. The main problem that a lack of vitamin D brings is that it can lead to weak bones and can cause rickets. This is because vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium which strengthens bones. This can be particularly bad in the foot as the bones take the weight of the whole body and need to be strong and supple. Vitamin D is created when the skin is exposed to sunlight, and though we’d all love to lie around in the sun all day, it isn’t always possible in busy, modern life. This is why taking a multivitamin with vitamin D in it is a great idea as you can get the amount you need so it can help...

Prevent Ingrown Toenails

Prevention Techniques to Ensure Toenail Health Ingrown toenails occur when the nail grows into the surrounding skin, this causes the area to become red and inflamed. It can sometimes be quite painful and in serious cases the area can become infected and can excrete pus. There are several easy ways to avoid ingrown toenails which can be done in the comfort of your own home. You can apply these if you think you are at risk of developing an ingrown toenail or if you just want to practise good foot health. Wearing the Right Shoes More often than not, ingrown toenails are caused by tight and ill-fitting shoes. Badly fitting shoes put pressure on the toes and squeeze them together. Pointed shoes are a particular culprit as they push the toes into an unnatural position. This causes the nail to pierce and grow down into the skin instead of in the correct direction. In order to prevent an ingrown toenail occurring it is essential to wear shoes that fit properly. It’s a good idea to get your feet measured to find out exactly what size you are, this way you will always wear the right sized shoes. A good tip for shopping for shoes is to do it in the afternoon. This is because your feet swell a little during the day, if you shop for footwear first thing in the morning your feet will be at their smallest and you may buy a pair that won’t fit once the feet have swelled up. Trying on shoes in the afternoon means that your feet will be at their largest, ensuring that the shoe that fits will not squeeze your feet later on. Trimming Toenails It is important to trim your toenails in order to prevent an ingrown toenail occurring, but it is even more important to trim them the right way. The chances of developing an ingrown toenail are increased by bad trimming technique. For example, some people cut them too short which allows the skin to start to form over them, then the nail grows into the skin. This can also happen if the sides of the nails are cut. To trim your toe nails correctly, all you need to do is cut them straight across. It’s very easy and ensures that the nails will grow in the right direction. It’s a good idea to cut your nails after you have had a bath or a shower as the nail will be soft and supple, making it easier to trim. Foot Hygiene It’s important to keep your feet...

Ingrown Toenail

Combat Ingrown Toenails   What is an Ingrown Toenail? An ingrown nail occurs when the toenail pierces the skin of the toe; the nail then continues to grow into the skin, causing the toe to become swollen and red. There is also often a build up of fluid in the toe which can come out as pus. Usually an ingrown toenail will just be tender and a little irritating, but if left to develop it can become very painful and debilitating. What Causes Ingrown Toenails? There are a number of factors that can cause a toenail to start growing inwards; the most common one being ill-fitting shoes or socks. If the footwear is too tight then it can squish the toes together and put pressure on them. The shoes can also press the nails inwards, causing them to pierce the skin and grow into it. Another cause of ingrown toenails is cutting the nails incorrectly; if the nails are trimmed too short or if the edges are cut then the skin can grow over the nails. Bad cutting also encourages the nail to grow the wrong way, into the skin. Bad foot hygiene is another factor that can increase the chance of developing an ingrown toenail. If you have poor foot hygiene, or have sweaty feet that aren’t washed often, then this can cause the skin of the toes to become softer and therefore easier for the toenail to pierce. Also, if you have injured your toenail, such as stubbed it or dropped something on it, then there is an increased chance of developing an ingrown toenail as the nail can grow into the damaged skin. How to Prevent Ingrown Toenails If you haven’t yet got an ingrown toenail and want to keep it that way then there are a number of things you can do to reduce the risk of developing one. Top of this list is good foot hygiene. To prevent your feet from getting too sweaty and soft, wash them every day and dry them thoroughly. Apply foot cream to keep them moisturised and to strengthen the skin. Ensure your footwear is the right size for you as ill-fitting footwear is a common cause of ingrown toenails. It is a good idea to get your feet measured properly to ensure that you get shoes that fit and that won’t put pressure on your toes. Cutting your toenails correctly is also another great way of preventing an ingrown toenail. Toenails should always be cut straight across and not too short. Ingrown Toenail Treatments Home Remedies If you...

Foot Pain

Common Causes of Foot Pain Pain in the feet can arise for a number of reasons; most ailments can be easily treated but some are more serious. Below is a list of common foot complaints with details on the symptoms and treatments. Injuries It’s a rather obvious fact but foot pain often arises from an injury. The most common injuries are sprains and breaks. A sprain is not as serious as a fracture or broken bone, but it can be painful. A sprain or a pulled muscle can often be treated at home using the RICE method; rest, ice, compression and elevation. Painkillers can also help ease the pain. However, with a break in the foot, you need to visit a hospital. Symptoms of fractures, as well as pain, include swelling and bruising, plus there is sometimes a grating feeling which comes from the bones rubbing together. It’s important to keep the fractured foot comfortable and support it, especially if you haven’t visited a doctor or hospital yet. Keep it elevated and rested on cushions or similar. To stop the pain and heel the fracture, the bones will need to be put back into their normal place by a doctor. This will allow the bones to heal properly. This is often done under general or local anaesthetic. If the fracture is more serious, or open, then the bones will be put back into place during surgery. The bones are then often held in place using metal rods. The foot is then put into a cast to allow it to heal. Doctors often recommend physiotherapy sessions which will help the bone heal. If the bone in the foot is broken, not just fractured, then it has the same symptoms as a fracture but with increased pain and often the inability to put weight on the foot. Broken bones are treated in a similar way to fractures; the bones are put back into place, often with surgery. To ease the pain during recovery it is essential, as with fractures, to rest the foot and keep it supported. Ill-fitting Footwear Your shoes should help support the feet and provide comfort. However, often people wear shoes that either don’t fit properly or that do not provide any support. This can cause the feet to ache, pinch and in some cases can result in blisters, bunions, corns and many more foot ailments. If the shoes are too small then they can pinch and rub, often casuing blisters which can be very painful. Small shoes can also effect the toe nails; when the toes are...

Foot Doctor – Podiatrist

All You Need to Know About Foot Health Practitioners What is a podiatrist? A podiatrist is a foot health specialist; a qualified doctor who can diagnose and treat all manner of foot ailments. These can include common foot ailments, such as bunions, hammer toe, claw toe, neuroma and ingrown toenails. Plus, a podiatrist can aid in the recovery of a foot injury such as a sprain or a fracture. What does a podiatrist do? Podiatrists work to diagnose ailments of the foot and provide advice and treatment. As previously mentioned, they provide help with a number of common foot diseases. They care for the whole area of the foot, so whether you have discoloured toenails or sore heels, a podiatrist can help. Podiatrists can also provide general care for feet, this can include foot hygiene, such as nail trims and hard skin filing. Podiatrists can also advise on the correct shoes to wear to support and protect your feet. Most common foot conditions are caused by ill-fitting shoes, so correcting this is a very important part of a podiatrist’s job. They can provide you with orthotics, which are special pads that go in the shoe and are designed to alleviate foot pain and provide support to certain areas of the foot. If you have foot pain but are unsure of what is causing it then a podiatrist will be able to diagnose it for you. They are experts on foot health and will be able to find out what is wrong and prescribe the correct treatment, be it exercises, medication or, in serious cases, surgery. Foot pain can be caused by a number of things; a podiatrist will be able to tell you whether simply changing your footwear or wearing orthotics will help, or whether you have a condition, such as venous insufficiency which requires more specialist treatment. When should I see a podiatrist?  If you have a foot ailment you may try and wait and see if it gets better, but with any disorder of the foot it is best to see a medical professional as soon as possible in order to establish the condition. It can be difficult to know whether to see a foot specialist or to just visit your local GP. Your nearest doctor’s surgery will certainly be able to help you with minor foot problems or advice. However, for more severe issues or expert knowledge, it is best to visit a podiatrist. If in doubt, visit your GP and they should advise you if the case is serious enough to warrant a visit to...