Foot Health Care | Plantar Fasciitis – Causes

Plantar Fasciitis – Causes

Plantar fasciitis is a commonly seen, painful foot condition. It actually refers to the condition of inflammation of the band of tissue that runs from the heel along the arch of the foot. This is seen often in middle-aged men and women, but it can also be found in people of all age groups nowadays. Plantar fasciitis is diagnosed with the classic symptoms of pain well localized over the heel area of the bottom of the foot. What all become the common causes of Plantar Fasciitis? Let us take a look at that now. The common causes include the following.
Very tight calf muscles which leads to prolonged and high velocity pronation of the foot. This condition in turn produces repetitive over-stretching of the plantar fascia tissue leading to possible inflammation and also thickening of the tendon. As the fascia thickens it starts to lose flexibility and eventually strength.

Some medical practitioners think that overpronation can always be determined by the dropping and rolling in of the foot arch. But this is not always the case. Sometimes it can only be seen while doing foot scans, especially if the patient has a high arched foot.

Other common causes include high arch or low arch and other biomechanical abnormalities including oversupination which is a far more rare case than overpronation and causes problems especially for runners and other athletes, in this position the foot is less able to provide shock absorption. This should be properly examined and treated by a podiatrist / physiotherapist / biomechanist.

Excessive walking in improper footwear which does not provide adequate support to foot arch has also been attributed to plantar fasciitis. In addition, overweight individuals are more at risk of developing the condition due to the excess weight impacting on the foot, this also causes plantar fasciitis.

Heel spur is also taken as a common cause for this condition, but research has found that this is not the case. On x-ray, heel spurs are seen in people with and without plantar fasciitis. So it is better advised to do treatment for plantar fasciitis only after knowing the
real cause.

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